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Showing content with the highest reputation since 07/07/18 in all areas

  1. 2 points
    Hi @attila Thank you again for all the support you've provided me for the past weeks. I am now capable of receiving more than 409 characters using the Wrapper I created base from your example. It uses the Record acquisition mode and I set the buffer size to 3 million for now. I'll increase it when the need arises. I used 1 UART controller and branched out its Tx pin to 2 DIO pins of the AD2 (DIO #0 & 1). I transmitted 500 characters: (If Record mode is not the acquisition mode, the received result will be blank) For DIO # 0, it received: with a length of: For DIO #1, it received: with a length of: I could not have done it without your guidance, thank you again and more power to you and Digilent Best regards, Lesiastas
  2. 2 points
    Hi @Blake, I was struggling with the same problem. In Adam's project is mistake which result is an FMC-HDMI module is not recognizable by other devices. The reason for that is not sending EDID at all. The cause of this situation is wrong initialized EDID map. In Adams example EDID is initialized by: but the correct way is: the body of iic_write2 is from LK example: By the way, in LucasKandle example initialization is done in same way as in Adam's example so is the reason why it not worked in your case. I hope it will helps. If you want I will post my working code for a ZedBoard with FMC-HDMI when I clean it because at the moment is kind of messy.
  3. 2 points

    Pmod DA3 clocking

    It seems to me the AXI Quad SPI block is sending address + data. Looking at the .xci file again, I see C_SPI_MEM_ADDR_BITS set to 24 bits. So 24 bits of address and 16 bits of data would yield 40 bits.
  4. 2 points
    Hi @neocsc, Here is a verified Nexys Video HDMI project updated from Vivado 2016.4 to Vivado 2017.4. You should be able to find the updated project in the proj folder . Here is a GitHub project done in HDL using the clocking wizard, DVI2RGB and RGB2DVI IP Cores for another FPGA. Here is a unverified Nexys Video Vivado 2017.4 HDMI pass through project made from the linked Github project. In the next few days I should have the bandwidth to verify this project. thank you, Jon
  5. 2 points
    The warning you pasted is benign and simply means there are no ILAs present in your design. The real issue could be your clock. You should review the datasheet for the dvi2rgb.Table 1 in section 5 specifies RefClk is supposed to be 200Mhz. Also, your constraint should follow the recommendation in section 6.1 for a 720p design. Finally, @elodg gives some great troubleshooting information in this thread.
  6. 2 points
    Hi @akhilahmed, In the mentioned video tutorial, the leds are controlled using "xgpio.h" library but the application is standalone. If you want to use a linux based application you have to use linux drivers for controlling. In the current Petalinux build, which is used in SDSoC platform, UIO driver is the best approach. Steps: 1. Vivado project generation: - Extract .dsa archive from /path_to_sdsoc_platform/zybo_z7_20/hw/zybo_z7_20.dsa - Launch Vivado - In Tcl Console: cd /path_to_extracted_dsa/prj - In Tcl Console: source rebuild.tcl - In this point you should have the vivado project which is the hardware component of SDSoC platform. Open Block Design. Change to Address Editor Tab. Here you will find the address for axi_gpio_led IP: 0x4122_0000 2. Petalinux UIO driver: - Launch SDx - Import zybo-z7-20 SDSoC platform - Create a new SDx linux based project using a sample application (e.g. array_zero_copy) - Build the project - Copy the files from /Dubug/sd_card to SD card - Plug the SD card in Zybo Z7. Make sure that the JP5 is set in SD position. Turn on the baord - Use your favorite serial terminal to interact with the board (115200, 8 data bits, 2 stop bits, none parity) - cd to /sys/class/uio - if you run ls you will get something like: uio0 uio1 uio2 uio3 uio4 uio5 - Now you have to iterate through all these directories and to search for the above mentioned axi_gpio_led address: 0x4122_0000 - For example: cat uio0/maps/map0/addr will output: 0x41220000, which means that the axi_gpio_led can be accessed using linux uio driver through uio0 device. - Code: #include <stdio.h> #include <stdlib.h> #include <sys/ioctl.h> #include <sys/mman.h> #include <stdint.h> #include <unistd.h> #include <fcntl.h> #define UIO_MEM_SIZE 65536 #define UIO_LED_PATH "/dev/uio0" void UioWrite32(uint8_t *uioMem, unsigned int offset, uint32_t data) { *((uint32_t*) (uioMem+offset)) = data; } uint32_t UioRead32(uint8_t *uioMem, unsigned int offset) { return *((uint32_t*) (uioMem+offset)); } void led_count_down(uint8_t *ledMem) { uint8_t count = 0xF; uint8_t index = 0; for (index = 0; index < 5; index++) { UioWrite32(ledMem, 0, count); count = count >> 1; sleep(1); } } int main() { // Set Leds as output int led_fd = open(UIO_LED_PATH, O_RDWR); uint8_t *ledMem = (uint8_t *) mmap( 0, UIO_MEM_SIZE, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED, led_fd, (off_t)0); UioWrite32(ledMem, 4, 0x0); // Set all leds as output while(1) { // Start led count-down led_count_down(ledMem); } return 0; } - Build the project and copy the content of Debug/sd_card on SD sd_card - Power on the board and connect to it using a serial terminal - run the following commands: mount mmcblk0p1 /mnt cd /mnt ./project_name.elf - Result: A countdown should be displayed on leds.
  7. 2 points

    Arty A7 flash chip

    Hi @D@n, I believe the new part that is used in the Arty A7 boards (and other A7 boards) is now a Spansion S25FL128SAGMF100; based on old schematics, I believe this was added in Rev D of the Arty A7 (dated August 2017), though I do not know when that particular Rev was then released (or if it even was released) to the public. I confirmed that the Arty S7 also uses this part and I wouldn't be surprised if most of our other Artix 7 based boards use it now as well. I've requested that the chip name and images are updated in any appropriate tutorials and requested that the pdf version of the reference manual (updated wiki) is updated as well. Thanks, JColvin
  8. 2 points

    Math on FFT traces

    Hi @lab!fyi In the Network Analyzer extended option lets you use Wavegen channels at up to 20MHz and with external up to 50MHz. In the Spectrum Analyzer you can select frequency range up to 10MHz but with auto option lets you set Stop frequency up to 50MHz. Selecting the dB unit will let you specify custom reference, for dBm I think it should be 0.316V
  9. 2 points
    @hamster I was able to run your AXI Slave interface. It works great! It is now very easy to exchange information between PS and PL, and it even supports execute-in-place (e.g. I can put ARM instructions to register file and run PS CPU directly from it). I have some questions about your AXI Slave design: 1) AXI_a*size has no effect on INCR type of burst transactions, but according to AXI protocol: the increment value depends on the size of the transfer. You set it only for WRAP type, is it correct? Thus, burst size is always 0 for INCR type? 2) Do you know how PS initiates INCR burst type? A kind of memset/memcpy need to be used for that or an incrementing pointer will also work? 3) Where WRAP type is necessary? How to use PS to work in WRAP mode? You may also update your wiki page with following: 0) Create provided VHDL files 1) Create a block-diagram and add PS IP core to it 2) Apply configuration provided by your board's pre-settings; this will set all necessary initialization settings for PS (e.g. clock frequencies, DDR bindings, etc.) 3) Press auto-configure (or how it's called) ==> this will connect PS IP to DDR and to fixed IO 4) Add "External ports" to the diagram (create new AXI_CLK and AXI external ports) and connect them to PS ports 5) Generate VHDL wrapping code for this block diagram 6) Put generated system under axi_test_top by renaming it to axi_test_wrapper (default name is design_#_wrapper in my Vivado version) 7) This will auto-connect block-diagram external ports with axi_test_top 8 ) Add constrains file and rename/uncomment external ports where necessary 9) Generate bitstream 10) File->Export->Hardware and create .hwf file which contains PS configuration 11) Open Xilinx SDK and create a new project: select .hwf file as Hardware BSP for this project 12) Now, Xilinx SDK will auto-generate few .c and .h files which contain necessary PS initialization ==> clocks, IRQs, DDR, etc. 13) Add hello_world.c application to the project @hamster Thank you very much. I've learned a bunch of new things thanks to your help!
  10. 1 point
    Hi @jfranz-argo, @kharoonian, and @Franky32, I apologize for the delay. I have sent each of you a PM about this. Thanks, JColvin P.S. to other readers, be sure not have Digilent boards attached when you are reprogramming other FTDI devices. A long list of users will tell you it's an easy mistake to accidentally select the wrong device.
  11. 1 point
    @ManserDimor Here's a general rule of thumb. Differential traces, whether laid out as differential or not must be length matched as best as possible. High speed bussed signals are usually length matched but normally this isn't nearly as critical as differential signalling; and this is usually done with a maximum data rate in mind. Everything else is usually assigned to the auto-router. Hand tuning traces is expensive and time consuming and usually there are a limited number that can be optimised with high ball count FPGA footprints. Usually, the focus is on external memory like DDR. If you need IO pins that are length matched then choose a board that makes it clear how well this was done. If the board vendor doesn't mention length matching then it was unlikely to have been done. Most of Digilent's boards with "high-speed" "differential" PMODS mention length matching in the reference manual. Some vendors offer a trace routing report of lengths for certain connectors. If differential signal traces are routed as true differential pairs then using them as single-ended signals might be problematic from a cross-coupling standpoint, especially if you don't take this into account. The only 3.3V differential IOSTANDARD supported by Series7 devices is TMDS and this is best done when the termination is as close to the receiver as possible. All of this does not necessarily mean that you can't design around a board's shortcomings to achieve some level of performance using a logic that the board wasn't designed for. This is one reason why all (most???) Series7 devices offer input delay management and in some cases output delay management features. There are boards from a few vendors with length matched GPIO on connectors are usually designed for high-speed. 2.56x2.56 mm connectors aren't that. Not many board vendors are going to go to the expense of designing a high performance board that they intend to sell at a cheap price. Final comment. If you are going to connect an external board or device to your FPGA board connector then you must assume the digital logic designer role required to do so.
  12. 1 point
    You can start with the following tutorials: http://www.ni.com/tutorial/14871/en/ https://reference.digilentinc.com/learn/programmable-logic/tutorials/program_fpgas_through_multisim/start
  13. 1 point

    USB Power

    Upon further reflection, I bet my switched cables do not have all the USB lines coming through. RPi only needs power via it's microUSB input.
  14. 1 point

    tera term for two pmods

    Hello, The PmodAD2 communicates over I2C protocol with the main board on which the Pmod is plugged. The PmodAD2 has no UART / USB capabilities. It is the main board that communicates - using its USB-UART capability - with the PC. Connecting the board using a USB cable creates a COM port on the PC. When you open a TeraTerm (or other terminal) connection, you select the COM port. Therefore a possible approach could be to have 2 PmodAD2 connected to a single main board, in different Pmod connectors. The SDK application should gather the AD2 data (measurements), format a text message containing these measurements, and then sending the text message over UART to the PC, to be later visualized in a terminal. What application are you running on the FPGA board ? You should modify it to read the other Pmod as well.
  15. 1 point
    Hi @m72 The preview is further fixed. I hope there are no more issues with this: https://forum.digilentinc.com/topic/8908-waveforms-beta-download/ Here you have the project: EMU_2CH_EACH_V10 (2).dwf3work
  16. 1 point
    Hi @m72 The pulse preview is not correct. I will look into this. Thank you for the observations. You could use a custom bus or signals to easily create/modify such patterns.
  17. 1 point
    Tim S.

    Pmod OLEDrgb with Zybo Z7

    Just to make sure my explanation is thorough. The above has a typo. It should read: Linux has a case-sensitive file system whereas Windows has a case-insensitive file system.
  18. 1 point
    yes, for an application with basic requirements, like receiver gain control this will probably work just fine (it's equivalent to an analog envelope detector). Now it needs a fairly high bandwidth margin between the modulation and the carrier, and that may make it problematic in more sophisticated DSP applications (say "polar" signal processing when I try to reconstruct the signal from the envelope) where the tolerable noise level is orders of magnitude lower.
  19. 1 point

    Pmod da3 reconstruction filter

    Hi @lwew96, We have not used a reconstruction filter. I did find a paper that discusses a reconstruction filter with the AD5541 here. Hopefully one of the more experienced community members will have some input for you as well. best regards, Jon
  20. 1 point
    Hi @dmishins, Welcome to the Digilent Forums! Please attach a screen shot of your Block design. Did you connect the 200 MHz clock to the MIG as instructed in section 10? What did you set the local memory and cache when running clock automation for Microblaze? best regards, Jon
  21. 1 point

    Noisy Output from FIR Compiler

    @Ahmed Alfadhel, You have a couple of options available to you: It's not clear, from your pictures above, whether or not the -40dB stop band was achieved. Some amount of noise is to be expected due to truncation errors, etc. Without seeing an estimated PSD, I can't tell. It may be that it's doing exactly what you required of it. -40dB is only so good. With more taps, you should be able to go deeper. How deep depends upon your requirements. How good do you want the signal to look? You may also need to provide more bits to both your signal and coefficient values in order to do better. You did prescale your coefficients so that, when rounded to integers, the taps were useful, right? Also, be aware, the filter will be specified for full scale. You'll want to measure it against a full scale input. Anything less will introduce additional truncation error. This is one of those reasons why the dynamic range (i.e. number of bits) of the input and output signals are so important. Enjoy! Dan
  22. 1 point

    ZedBoard and PmodCAN

    Hi @YellowYoung, Welcome to the Digilent forums! The PmodCAN facilitates CAN communication to another device through the PL.The PmodCAN uses SPI communication to communicate between the host board and itself. It would not be able to connect to the CAN on the PS. To use the CAN bus on the PS you would need to use the MIO Pmod JE1 as discussed in the user guide for the Zedboard here in section 2.9.2 Digilent Pmod Compatible Headers (2x6). The user guide states the bank that the MIO pins are connected to a 3.3V bank so you would need to make a level shifting circuit for CAN communication to work since CAN uses voltage level as part of its communication. If all you need to do is communicate data from the Zedboard using CAN communication. Then you can send data from the PS to the PL and then send that data through the PmodCAN. Here is an Avnet forum thread that discusses sending data from the PS to the PL. Here is a Xilinx forum thread that initially discusses how they accomplished sending data from the PS to the PL. best regards, Jon
  23. 1 point
    Yep, seen that they were back online. Thanks, Jon
  24. 1 point
    Hi @Jaraqui Peixe, Unfortunately, Digilent does not have the ability to obtain these licenses for you with regards to Xilinx negotiations. I do not doubt that the Spartan 3E Starter Boards you have are as good as new and work as such, but the reality is that last variant of ISE 14.7 that could support the FPGA chips on the Basys 2 and the Spartan 3E (both over 10 years old), was released by Xilinx back in 2013, so active support on these boards is limited as the required software will not install on newer OS's (at least the Windows variants anyway). As @xc6lx45, it is possible to make it work though. What I would probably recommend is looking into the newer 7 series boards, such as the Basys 3 (the most similar to the Basys 2) or if you would want access to more memory than is provided in BRAM, both the Arty A7 and the Nexys A7 have on-board DDR memory. All of these boards work with Microblaze and are supported by the free Vivado WebPACK from Xilinx (which is license-free if that is a factor for you and includes Microblaze). Naturally, there is no guarantee that the Vivado software that supports these Artix 7 FPGA chips will become end-of-life'd, but I can at least say from Digilent's end that I have not heard of this happening in the near future. Thanks, JColvin
  25. 1 point
    Hi, >> We are forced to work in assembly with picoblaze. you might have a look at the ZPU softcore CPU with GCC. The CPU is just a few hundred lines of code but most of its functionality is in software in the crt.o library in RAM. I understand it's quite well tested and has been used in commercial products. Not surprisingly, using an FPGA to implement a processor that then kinda emulates itself in software (aka RISC :) ) is maybe not the most efficient use of silicon - I'm sure it has many strong points but speed is not among them... Unfortunately, the broken-ness of Xilinx' DATA2MEM utility (to update the bitstream with a new .elf file) spoils the fun, at least when I tried in ISE14.7 (segfaults). When it works, the compile/build cycle takes only a second or two. Long-term, porting the processor to a new platform would be straightforward, or even fully transparent if using inferred, device-independent memory. This would also work for a bootloader that is hardcoded into default content in inferred RAM. I might consider this myself as a barebone "hackable" CPU platform strictly for educational purposes.
  26. 1 point

    Nexys 2 - transistor part number

    Hi @CVu, Glad to hear that replacing the transistor fix the issue. Thank you for sharing what you did. best regards, Jon
  27. 1 point

    Nexys 2 - transistor part number

    Hi @CVu, Welcome to the Digilent Forums! Q1 information is below: NTS2101P Single P-Channel Power Mosfet 1.4A, 8VSOT-323 (SC-70) best regards, Jon
  28. 1 point
    You might have a look at Trenz Electronics "Zynqberry". I think they managed to get one of the cameras to work (not sure). What I do remember is that the board has some custom resistor circuitry to additional pins for the required low-speed signaling.
  29. 1 point

    Conflicting Voltages in Bank Arty-A7

    @zygot, @Ahmed Alfadhel is not using a Basys3 board, and so this is really a bad example of attaching one question to another post. @Ahmed Alfadhel appears to be using an Artix-A7 board. In that case, the sys_clk is properly constrained, but he may well have some of the DDR3 I/O pins improperly constrained. These are the pins located on Bank 35. I think the problem in this case is that @Ahmed Alfadhel has improperly constrained in DDR DQS pins. For example, ddr3_dqs_[0] should be set to pin N2, not to A6. Compounding the problem is the way these pins are hidden in a "board definition file" rather than in the XDC file, making it likely to have conflicting pin definitions. @Ahmed Alfadhel, If you are following Digilent's instructions, you might want to double check that you have the appropriate board definition file. If you are trying this on your own, using only an XDC file, then you might find these instructions valuable. Also, I would recommend you not attach unrelated issues to old posts. Perhaps the Digilent staff might be kind enough to separate these two issues into separate forum posts--since they really are quite different. For example, the Basys3 board doesn't have the DDR3 memory which is the source of your pin-connection troubles. Dan
  30. 1 point

    Simple HDMI pass through with NexysVideo

    Unfortunately, I do not have a NexysVideo board available. I have run the simple hdmi pass thru on both zybo and arty boards. Have you tried using a resolution of 720p yet? I find it useful to start with the lower frequencies first. Most sources and monitors have no trouble working with that.
  31. 1 point
    Nianyu Jiang

    PmodIA Extension

    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/236037769_A_four-electrode_low_frequency_impedance_spectroscopy_measurement_system_using_the_AD5933_measurement_chipt this is the paper I am talking about. Thanks for the further explaination, I start understanding the working principle and trying to combine everything. Will go back to you once I have more question. Nianyu Jiang
  32. 1 point
    kotra sharmila

    sdsoc_opencv error

    Hi , Thank you very much for this platform its showing video i/o demo and build perfectly i will try with my own project if i got any doubts i will ask you. Regards, K Sharmila
  33. 1 point
    Hi @bklopp, Here is a completed Nexys Video UART interrupt project in Vivado 2018.2 that uses interrupts in microblaze. thank you, Jon
  34. 1 point
    Hi @Sami Malik, On Monday Ii will make a project and share it on this thread that I believe you are trying to do. thank you, Jon
  35. 1 point
    Hi @jli853, I reached out to one of our design engineers about this forum thread. They responded that "Unless you do a non-blocking (overlapped) transfer the time it takes to execute the function will include not only the time to transfer the data over USB but also to shift it onto the JTAG scan chain. When the function returns all data has been transferred to the target JTAG device. How long that takes is going to very with the TCK frequency, as well as the PC side hardware and operating system. I don’t have any measured data to provide." thank you, Jon
  36. 1 point
    They are to get a negative supply out of the positive digital output from the uC. Since the output of the uC is between 0 ... 3.3 V max. VREF1V5 is the node determining at which point the IC10A will switch from positive output to negative and vice versa. The opamp will always attempt to keep the difference between inverting and non-inverting inputs zero. VREF3V3 is a pullup of the inverting input, if the inverting input is pulled below 1.5V, the IC10A output will become positive in order to bring the inverting input back to 1.5V. On the other hand, when the inverting input is above 1.5V, the output of the IC10A will become negative to bring the inverting input back to 1.5V. I guess VREF3V0 could have been a higher voltage as well. But VREF1V5 should be as close to the center of the uC supply as possible in order to achieve symmetric output and the best resolution thereof. I'm also guessing they were not willing to rely on a stable supply voltage from the linear 3.3V regulator and probably already required a precision 3V reference for other purposes.
  37. 1 point

    ADXL345 with SPI and LabView

    Hi @billskar23, The Pmod ACL here uses the adxl345. Here and here are forum threads that might be helpful. Here is an instructable on how to use spi in the linx platform. Here is spi open. Here is the plug and play instructable for linx. Here is another instructable using the Pmod ACL. Unfortunately, both of the instructables use the Pmod ACL in I2C and not SPI. Here is the adxl345 datasheet. On page 23 is the register map table. Page 15 describes how to use the spi communications. Clearing the SPI bit (Bit D6) in the DATA_FORMAT register (Address 0x31) selects 4-wire mode. cheers, Jon
  38. 1 point
    Hi! Check page 45 in https://www.xilinx.com/support/documentation/boards_and_kits/zc706/ug954-zc706-eval-board-xc7z045-ap-soc.pdf It stated: N8 MGTREFCLK0P_112 PCIE_CLK_QO_P A13 (1) N7 MGTREFCLK0N_112 PCIE_CLK_QO_N A14 (1) So just create clock input pins in your block diagram with any names. After that define constraints in xdc file which connects your clk names to N7/N8 pins.
  39. 1 point
    Hi @armin, Sorry for the confusion. I am suggesting that you program your Arty-A7 as you would normally through the usb uart. The program on the Arty-A7 should be a UART controller using pin E15 and E16 on Pmod Port JB for the TX and RX of the project. cheers, Jon
  40. 1 point
    Antonio Fasano

    Arty Z7 DRAM Memory

    Hi, Jon, I made a small software to test how big an array of char can be in SDK and still assign and read correct values on the ARTY-Z7-20 DRAM Memory. I found out that it goes all to way to 500 MB. I did not check further, but that is a hell of a memory capacity !!! Very good !!! Regards, Antonio
  41. 1 point
    I should have known that you'd be around as I got this thread started. I'm thrilled to see a reply as I submit the first post. To answer you question; no I haven't but I promise to check out what you've been up to. If this venue fails to show interest I'd be happy to conspire with you to create one that does.
  42. 1 point
    Hi @Foisal Ahmed, I have not setup a project like this. I would suggest to look through the 7 Series FPGAs Configurable Logic Block User Guide. I would also reach out to xilinx support as well. thank you, Jon
  43. 1 point

    XADC and the FFT

    @farhanazneen, I'm not sure how much help I can be if that error message doesn't make sense to you. You'll need to edit and "fix" your CSV file. Relax, it's text. Pull it up in an editor, examine it, then fix it. Dan
  44. 1 point

    How to read from SD card on ZYBO

    hi @jpeyron, I followed the guide at GitHub under Readme in PMODSD. can you please guide me step wise on how to start from block design and than going to SDK and running the demo. I have added the pmodsd and zynq PS IPs, after auto connection and running the generate bitstream I get following error. I need your guidance at this
  45. 1 point
    Hi @aerbey, The following development boards should fit the hdmi and i/o needs for your application: the Arty-Z7-20 here with sink and source hdmi , 2 pmod ports and the Arduino/Chipkit header for i/o, the Genesys 2 here with sink and source hdmi ,4 pmod ports and the HPC FMC for i/o and the Nexys Video here with sink and source hdmi, 3 pmod ports and a LPC FMC for i/o. We would not have any suggestions for who to contact about making a custom pcb and housing solutions. thank you, Jon
  46. 1 point

    CMOD A7 Unable to program

    Thank you Jpeyron! I reprogrammed the eeprom with your tool and now Vivado can find the CMOD A7 No idea how it went wrong in the first place however.. If I find something, I will let you know. Thanks everyone!
  47. 1 point
    Hi @Javier Romo, I have added an English translation to your post and moved it to a more appropriate section of the Forum. We have a demo for the Nexys 4 DDR that is available on it's Resource Center, https://reference.digilentinc.com/reference/programmable-logic/nexys-4-ddr/start, that uses the seven segment displays available here: https://reference.digilentinc.com/learn/programmable-logic/tutorials/nexys-4-ddr-gpio-demo/start. Let me know if you have any questions. Thanks, JColvin
  48. 1 point
    They are very robust. Xilinx is a bit shy in telling numbers, but their posts indicate that they are short circuit proof. https://forums.xilinx.com/t5/Virtex-Family-FPGAs/Effect-of-short-circuit-on-V6-outputs/m-p/227493#M13565 https://www.xilinx.com/support/answers/23277.html I got the impression that reports of failed voltage regulators are more common than busted FPGAs (expect that blowing one pin kills the whole IO bank).
  49. 1 point
    @Adriann, As I recall the minimum source/sink current for the Spartan 3 is 12ma ( it might be 6 ma ). But it it up to you to get the datasheet, look in the DC characteristics and verify this. Always take this advice even if someone offers and answer. As to how much current you can safely drive on multiple outputs the answer is more complicated. It depends on a lot of things like which bank they are on, how many IOs are switching simultaneously, how well the FPGA is connected to a thermal sink, etc. Again, whether or not you want to set the IO to maximum current requires some knowledge of the specification for your part and analysis.