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  1. 5 points

    WaveForms beta download

    3.11.4 digilent.waveforms_beta_v3.11.4_64bit.exe Added: - Scope: - set/reset zero offset in each channel option - precision option for measurements Fixed: - Script: access to traces and channels from Instrument.Export - unit conversions V to Ṽ, A to à - I2S 32 bit data 3.11.3 digilent.waveforms_beta_v3.11.3_64bit.exe digilent.waveforms_beta_3.11.3_amd64.deb digilent.waveforms_beta_3.11.3.x86_64.rpm Fixes 3.11.2 digilent.waveforms_beta_v3.11.2_64bit.exe digilent.waveforms_beta_3.11.2_amd64.deb digilent.waveforms_beta_3.11.2.x86_64.rpm Added: - Spectrum, Network and Impedance Analyzer store time data when this view is open Fixed: - runscript argument - loading of docked views geometry 3.11.1 digilent.waveforms_beta_v3.11.1_64bit.exe digilent.waveforms_beta_3.11.1_amd64.deb digilent.waveforms_beta_3.11.1.x86_64.rpm Added: - Scope: out of range warning in measurements - Protocol/UART: - support up to 32bit/word - TX/RX format: text, binary, decimal, hex - Wheel Direction option - Logic Analyzer: option to swap previous/next events - Spectrum Analyzer: allowing higher number of BINs for CZT 3.10.7 digilent.waveforms_beta_v3.10.7_64bit.exe Added: - Spectrum: logarithmic magnitude scale for voltage units - Protocol: datetime stamp for SPI/I2C Spy Fixes 3.10.6 digilent.waveforms_beta_v3.10.6_64bit.exe Added: - Scope - access to digital channels from custom mathematic channels - digital measurements view Fixes 3.10.5 digilent.waveforms_beta_v3.10.5_64bit.exe digilent.waveforms_beta_3.10.5_amd64.deb digilent.waveforms_beta_3.10.5.x86_64.rpm Added: - Power Supplies for AD2: tracking, slider, min/max - Logic Analyzer: Measurements - Impedance Analyze: DC mode compensation - SDK VB wrapper, C# wrapper updated Fixed: - EExplorer Wavegen AM/FM index precision for sine 3.10.4 digilent.waveforms_beta_v3.10.4_64bit.exe Fixed: - decimal resolution in Export, Data and Event views 3.10.3 digilent.waveforms_beta_v3.10.3_64bit.exe digilent.waveforms_beta_v3.10.3.dmg digilent.waveforms_beta_3.10.3_amd64.deb digilent.waveforms_beta_3.10.3.x86_64.rpm Added: - UART format option (binary, decimal...) - SDK I2C without clock stretching - SDK examples: Digital_I2c_PmodAcl.py, Digital_I2c_PmodGyro.py - Spectrum Analyzer THDN measurement, THDp and THDNp in percentage units - Impedance Analyzer: - constant current, voltage, custom script for amplitude and resistance control - Option to disable mouse drag and wheel operations on plots - Impedance/Network Analyzer: averaging time - Wavegen: extended frequency option Changed: - special values (none, off) moved to end of the preset list 3.10.2 digilent.waveforms_beta_v3.10.2_64bit.exe digilent.waveforms_beta_v3.10.2_32bit.exe digilent.waveforms_beta_v3.10.2.dmg digilent.waveforms_beta_v3.10.2_mavericks.dmg digilent.waveforms_beta_3.10.2_amd64.deb digilent.waveforms_beta_3.10.2_i386.deb digilent.waveforms_beta_3.10.2.x86_64.rpm digilent.waveforms_beta_3.10.2.i686.rpm Added: - Impedance Analyzer - voltage, current and custom plots - edit Meter list - Resistance mode for Meter, Frequency DC option - step mode in Time view - Netowrk Analyzer - step mode in Time and FFT views - amplitude table and custom function Fixed: - Help minor fix - Protocol SPI and I2C Sensor rate improvement - StaticIO button lock 3.8.22 digilent.waveforms_beta_v3.8.22_64bit.exe digilent.waveforms_beta_v3.8.22_32bit.exe Added: - Impedance differential setup, W1-C1P-DUT-C1N-C2-R-GND 3.8.21 digilent.waveforms_beta_v3.8.21_64bit.exe digilent.waveforms_beta_v3.8.21_32bit.exe digilent.waveforms_beta_v3.8.21.dmg digilent.waveforms_beta_3.8.21_amd64.deb digilent.waveforms_beta_3.8.21_i386.deb digilent.waveforms_beta_3.8.21.x86_64.rpm digilent.waveforms_beta_3.8.21.i686.rpm Added: - data property for impedance/network channels. - Impedance.Resistor.reference property - instruments accessible without index in Script tool like Scope. Fixes... 3.8.20 digilent.waveforms_beta_v3.8.20_64bit.exe Added: - Logger function access to other channels value, average, min, max - Script access to Logger channel set data property, getting average, minimum, maximum Fixed: - Logger Show/Maximum - Script Protocol.I2C.Clear() function 3.8.18 digilent.waveforms_beta_v3.8.18_64bit.exe digilent.waveforms_beta_v3.8.18_32bit.exe digilent.waveforms_beta_v3.8.18.dmg Added: - Network Analyzer - logarithmic scale and percentage unit - spectrum measurements: Carrier, THD+N, THD, HD# - FFT view - Averaging option 3.8.17 digilent.waveforms_beta_v3.8.17_64bit.exe digilent.waveforms_beta_v3.8.17_32bit.exe digilent.waveforms_beta_v3.8.17.dmg digilent.waveforms_beta_3.8.17_amd64.deb digilent.waveforms_beta_3.8.17_i386.deb digilent.waveforms_beta_3.8.17.x86_64.rpm digilent.waveforms_beta_3.8.17.i686.rpm Added: - Scope - persistence support for smooth curve and min/max sampling - custom math - current value in custom math function, can be used for averaging - initialization code for integration purposes - examples - unit presets for: ohm, degree, VAC, AAC - Spectrum - Import/Export samples for Traces - trace information option - Range option to adjust all the scope input ranges - Network and Spectrum - Script support for set magnitude property - Step size and steps per decade settings - Network Analyzer - custom plots: THD, HD2, HD3 - Protocol - I2C/Spy glitch filter based on frequency setting - Device options - On Close: Run (keep running), Stop, Shutdown - USB Power: Always ON or Stop with AUX for AD2 - USB Limit: USB current limitation AD1,2 - Audio Output: AD1, 2 - WaveForms SDK FDwfParamSet/Get, FDwfDeviceParamSet/Get - DwfParamOnClose, DwfParamUsbPower, DwfParamLedBrightness, DwfParamAudioOut, DwfParamUsbLimit - Notes toolbar show/hide option - on/off icon for toggle buttons: supply enable, network analyzer reference... - show entire capture button Changed: - renewed mouse wheel, drag and key (left,right,up,down) operation on plots and axis Fixed: - EExplorer output glitch during first device connection - NI VI crash when initializing without device connected - Scope XY plot 3.8.11 digilent.waveforms_v3.8.11_64bit.exe digilent.waveforms_v3.8.11_32bit.exe digilent.waveforms_v3.8.11.dmg digilent.waveforms_3.8.11_amd64.deb digilent.waveforms_3.8.11_i386.deb digilent.waveforms_3.8.11.x86_64.rpm digilent.waveforms_3.8.11.i686.rpm Added: - Digital Discovery: - LED brightness option - Logic Analyzer - ASCII format for: Bus, SPI, I2C, I2S - Format option for I2C - Logic Analyzer and Patterns - Line Color option - Protocol - Format option for SPI and I2C: Hexadecimal, Decimal, Binary, ASCII - Plot Width option in application settings Changed: - drawing quality improvement for thicker lines - color dialog buttons renamed to Close and Reset 3.8.9 digilent.waveforms_v3.8.9_64bit.exe digilent.waveforms_v3.8.9_32bit.exe digilent.waveforms_v3.8.9.dmg digilent.waveforms_3.8.9_amd64.deb digilent.waveforms_3.8.9_i386.deb digilent.waveforms_3.8.9.x86_64.rpm digilent.waveforms_3.8.9.i686.rpm Added: - WF/Settings/Options: Locale with System or English US regional option, export and import options - SDK: FDwfParamSet/Get function - Scope: measurement resolution Fixed: - minor issues 3.8.8 digilent.waveforms_v3.8.8_64bit.exe digilent.waveforms_v3.8.8_32bit.exe digilent.waveforms_v3.8.8.dmg Added: - WF SDK: - examples updated to be Python v3 compatible - FDwfAnalogImpedance functions for impedance/network analysis - Protocol: CAN receiver filter by ID - Impedance: Export information about amplitude and offset Fixed: - WF SDK: FDwfDigitalSpi functions read MISO/RX 3.8.7 digilent.waveforms_v3.8.7_64bit.exe Fixed: - Scope: save/load of coefficients for custom Math channel filter 3.8.6 digilent.waveforms_v3.8.6_64bit.exe digilent.waveforms_3.8.6_amd64.deb Added: - Export: Wavegen and Supplies information added to Scope, Spectrum, Impedance, Network export comments Fixed: - Script Tool.exec timeout - CAN high polarity option in Protocol tool and WF SDK 3.8.5 digilent.waveforms_v3.8.5_64bit.exe Added - Script functions: getSaveFile, getOpenFile, getDirectory - Scope: multiple scales, zero offset - Notes view - Export options: notes, header as comment - Help tab: floating/undock option, find with highlight Fixed: - Impedance Analyzer frequency scale in export 3.7.22 digilent.waveforms_v3.7.22_64bit.exe digilent.waveforms_v3.7.22_32bit.exe digilent.waveforms_v3.7.22.dmg digilent.waveforms_3.7.22_amd64.deb digilent.waveforms_3.7.22_i386.deb digilent.waveforms_3.7.22.x86_64.rpm digilent.waveforms_3.7.22.i686.rpm Added - Scope/Logic View/Logging picture format - Script: - Export function for instruments - access to Protocol/UART/RX using Receiver, Receive and ReceiveArray functions, SendArray Fixed - Scope edge trigger position for all devices, when only one or two samples are above the threshold - other minor fixes 3.7.21 digilent.waveforms_v3.7.21_64bit.exe digilent.waveforms_v3.7.21_32bit.exe digilent.waveforms_3.7.21_amd64.deb digilent.waveforms_3.7.21_i386.deb digilent.waveforms_3.7.21.x86_64.rpm digilent.waveforms_3.7.21.i686.rpm Added - Wavegen dynamic configuration, adjustments without restarting the generator - SDK support for CAN bus TX, RX - more detail in Spectrum, Network and Impedance Analyzer export comments - import data orientation option Fixed - Network Analyzer Meter export and copy - Data Logger quick measurements - other fixes and optimizations 3.7.19 digilent.waveforms_v3.7.19-2_64bit.exe digilent.waveforms_v3.7.19-2_32bit.exe digilent.waveforms_v3.7.19.dmg digilent.waveforms_3.7.19-2_amd64.deb digilent.waveforms_3.7.19-2_i386.deb digilent.waveforms_3.7.19-2.x86_64.rpm digilent.waveforms_3.7.19-2.i686.rpm Added: - Logic I2S Show channel option - SDK functions for UART, SPI, I2C master and UART receiver Changed: - OS-X rollback to FTDI driver 1.2.2 Fixed: - Impedance Analyzer: save/load of views positions - other fixes and optimizations 3.7.15 digilent.waveforms_v3.7.15_64bit.exe digilent.waveforms_v3.7.15_32bit.exe Added: - Logic Analyzer: position (Nth word) option for SPI trigger on value - Impedance: Nyquist plot; settle time, minimum periods options - Wavegen, Network/Impedance Analyzer: external Amplification option - Tabbed/Docking window switching from main window Changed: - lower frequency limit for Scope, AWG, Network, Impedance Fixed: - 10ns delay in Logic Analyzer Sync and Protocol interface - Sound Card device CPU usage 3.7.14 digilent.waveforms_v3.7.14_64bit.exe digilent.waveforms_v3.7.14_32bit.exe Added: - Protocol I2C ACK/NAK last read byte option Changed: - Windows XP, Vista compatible FTDI driver in 32bit installer 3.7.13 digilent.waveforms_v3.7.13_64bit.exe digilent.waveforms_v3.7.13_32bit.exe digilent.waveforms_v3.7.13.dmg digilent.waveforms_3.7.13_amd64.deb digilent.waveforms_3.7.13_i386.deb digilent.waveforms_3.7.13.x86_64.rpm digilent.waveforms_3.7.13.i686.rpm Added: - Sound Card device of the computer can be used as Scope and Wavegen - Scope sampling clock for Electronics Explorer - Logic Analyzer data compression for recording, for Electronics Explorer - Scope and Wavegen support for 4th device configuration of Analog Discovery 1 & 2 - Scope Logging Repeat option - Scope Audio view: Stereo, Tempo options - MacOS option for application menu 3.7.12-2 digilent.waveforms_v3.7.12-2_64bit.exe Fixed: - Analog Discovery 2 configuration file descriptions 3.7.12 digilent.waveforms_v3.7.12_64bit.exe digilent.waveforms_v3.7.12_32bit.exe Added: - Scope sampling clock under time options, for Analog Discovery 1 & 2. The trigger IOs can be used as sample clock with delay and edge options. - Logic Analyzer data compression for recording, for Analog Discovery 1 & 2 Changed: - Windows installer: - embedded prerequisites: Windows Installer, Visual C++ Redistributable 9 32/64bit, 12 64bit - split installer for 32bit and 64bit WF applications, but the included WF runtime for custom applications support both architectures Fixed: - Logic Analyzer UART frame error threshold 3.7.10 digilent.waveforms_v3.7.10.exe Added: - Spectrum Analyzer Markers Fixed: - SDK Electronics Explorer enumeration - Scope Math channel unit presets 3.7.9 digilent.waveforms_v3.7.9.exe Fixing: - Logic Analyzer Event view double click for signals 3.7.8 digilent.waveforms_v3.7.8.exe Changed: - Impedance Analyzer: - view names - solid line for magnitude Fixed: - Impedance Analyzer admittance |Y| value 3.7.7 digilent.waveforms_v3.7.7.exe Added: - Scope and Logic trigger detector for trigger source Fixed: - warning message when connecting to EExplorer - Patterns trigger on Digital Discovery.
  2. 3 points

    Digital Twin

    Hi @Kris Persyn, It depends on how you manage your resources, driving immersive visuals on a HDMI display can be done in multiple ways at different resolutions, some are PL taxing others are DDR taxing; you could generate entire frame buffers in PL or PS or you could find a optimal algorithm to change just the previous frame or you could allocate a high number of frame buffers and then run them in a loop. It also depends on how math lab synthesizes the IP you will need to add to your design. If you design your project properly and don't aim for a resolution higher more 720p( I'm being conservative, we managed to drive the HDMI at 1080p with processing filters without a problem) I think it should be enough for what you want to do, resource wise. My suggestion, download and install Vivado, download and install the board files, create and implement your project look at the resource consumption and then buy a board. - Ciprian
  3. 3 points
    In your constraint file, the ddc pins have lowercase "ddc_scl_io" and "ddc_sda_io". Your block design has the port in uppercase "DDC". The case must match. Try editing your constraint file to have "DDC_scl_io" and "DDC_sda_io".
  4. 3 points

    pmod wifi

    Hi @harika, I believe the HTML web page error is related to the materials on the SD card. 1) Please attach a screen shot of the contents of the Sd card you are using. 2) Please follow the YouTube video here from about 6 minutes and 28 seconds on for how to set up the HTTP server project. Make sure to update the login an password for the router/modem you are using. thank you, Jon
  5. 3 points
    @thobie, the bare-metal purchase option for the Zybo was done to enable a lower price point for those who do not require the accessories. For the rest of our customers, adding the Accessory Kit is recommended during the purchase process. You are not the first and the last to complain about version compatibility. It is economically unfeasible for us to update all support projects, IP and support packages provided for free four times per year for each Vivado version. Instead we made a commitment to consider the last Vivado release in each year stable and do a once-a-year update cycle. In that regard, 2017.4 is the version we are upgrading projects to. There is a question whether OOB designs should be updated at all, or kept at the version which generated the binary image shipped with the board. The board presets are not versioned for Vivado (no version-specific releases in our git repo), because these should be forward-compatible with Vivado versions. The critical warning itself related to CK-to-DQS delays being negative appears starting with 2017.4. The negative values are due to CK trace being shorter than any of the four DQS traces. In the early days of Zynq board design negative values where listed as sub-optimal, but not erroneous. Tree topology instead of fly-by was also among the routing recommendations for DDR3 layouts. So the Zybo was designed with this sub-optimal layout due to space constraints. During Write Leveling calibration, 0 is used as an initial value instead of the negative preset delays. After calibration, if the skew is still too low, the clock is inverted. See ug585 pg 316 for more details. All Zybos shipped to customers are functionally tested and pass the DDR3 calibration process. Xilinx recommendations changed in the mean time, both in terms of routing topology and delay values. A trace of this can be found here: https://www.xilinx.com/support/answers/53039.html. The > 0ns requirement was introduced to be in line with non-Zynq MIG-based designs, where negative delays were never permitted. Since these delays are board-dependent, we would need to re-design the board to make the delay positive. This is impossible with the current form-factor. Another option would be modifying the board preset file and forcing a zero value instead of the actual delay. The tools seem to be using zero anyway for calibration. This will have to be thoroughly verified first.
  6. 3 points
    Hello, I've posted the next part in my FPGA graphics series using the Arty + VGA Pmod or Basys 3. It shows you how to make use of double buffering to animate sprites using simple Verilog. https://timetoexplore.net/blog/arty-fpga-vga-verilog-03 Feedback very welcome, Will PS. I'll add the source to GitHub shortly.
  7. 3 points
    An FPGA can be a useful "swiss army knife", but all the nice features aren't easily accessible. Enter "LabToy": A batteries-included collection of utilities, just double-click and go. As the name implies, this isn't meant to compete against "real" test equipment. The main selling point is like a pocket knife - this fits into a shirt pocket and the power tools don't. And speaking of "selling points", it's free to use. So what do we have here: - Digital data: Shows the input state of all pins - Analog data: Readings from the two ADCs, up to about 700 ksps sustained (XADC "simultaneous sampling" mode, phase-accurate between channels) - Streaming data logger: Both analog and digital data can be written to a .vcd file, to be shown in gtkwave. There is no limit to the capture length. - Analog signal generator: 8 fully independent channels, sine, square wave, the usual suspects. Well, the DACs won't win any audiophile awards, but they are usable. - "Programmable" digital LED mode: Configurable pulse width to suppress short glitches, or edge detect with a built-in pulse generator to highlight them. - Analog LED mode: Shows the input value of the ADC in real time Some screenshots: 1k sine / cosine from DAC jumpered to ADC (in gtkwave) The digital signal is the generator's sync output that can be recorded as a digital input. Realtime display of the inputs. With pocket knives in mind ("this button will unlock the large blade, allowing it to be manually returned to its folded position") I decided to keep the screen uncluttered and put descriptions into tooltips. The large displays are the average voltage readings from the ADC. The smaller ones show the digital inputs in groups of four. Generator controls (frequency, minimum voltage, maximum voltage, phase). The voltage scaling is a bit unusual (typically there is "AC magnitude" and "DC offset") but I chose this approach because it shows clearly the limitations of the 0..3.3V output range. Most people will probably leave all this at the default values for a full-scale signal. Data capture Example: The output in gtkwave after I touched a jumper cable to the digital inputs on the DIL connector. +++ DO NOT USE THE +5V OUTPUT P24 FOR THIS KIND OF TEST +++ (3.3 V is available on the PMOD connector, bottom row) The red "undefined" marks flag the first input in an 8-bit group. In this example, they aren't too meaningful, but they can alert me to the fact that no data events have been observed yet. LED control The two numbers give the number of consecutive 1 or 0 samples (at 125 MHz) before a signal change is propagated to the LED. E.g. put 125 million there and it'll take one second after changing the input state for the LED to light / go dark. Those can be used interactively to study an unknown signal. "Level": no further processing ("level" mode and 1 / 1 sample counts is equivalent to directly connecting the LED to the physical input) "Edge" mode generates a brief pulse on signal changes, the LED is dark otherwise. "Invert" flips the input right next to the pin (0 becomes 1, black becomes white and man gets himself killed on the next zebra crossing -DA). How to get it: The file is attached: labToy0v1_beta.exe The installer unpacks a single .exe. Happy hacking! Requirements: Windows 64 bit (!) .NET 4.5 FTDI libraries CMOD A7 35 T (not 15 T). Warnings: Direct access to digital IO pins is an inherently dangerous activity. "PROVIDED WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND" means Just That. And beware of the +5V pin. PS: If you try it, kindly let me know whether it works, or what goes wrong.
  8. 3 points

    Using script with Spectrum on AD2

    Hi @tomtektest, @abzza With WaveForms Script THD and other measurement logging and plotting can be automated, like this: function doTHD(){ var rgTHD = [] var rgFreq = [] for(var idx = 1; idx <= 100; idx++){ Wavegen1.Channel1.Simple.Frequency.value = 1000*idx Wavegen1.run() // start AWG wait(0.01) // settle time for the external circuit, expressed in seconds Spectrum1.Frequency.Stop.value = 20*Wavegen1.Channel1.Simple.Frequency.value // adjust analyzer stop frequency Spectrum1.single() // start acquisition if(!Spectrum1.wait()){ // wait to finish return; } rgFreq.push(Spectrum1.Trace1.measureFreq("FF")) rgTHD.push(Spectrum1.Trace1.measure("THD")) } Wavegen1.stop() print(rgFreq, rgTHD) // print data for copy paste // draw in plot1, View / Add plot plot1.X.Units.text = "Hz" plot1.Y1.Units.text = "dBc" plot1.X.data = rgFreq plot1.Y1.data = rgTHD } doTHD();
  9. 3 points

    Rants about FPGA tool chain(s)

    @D@n , Here's a secret; I'm whispering because this is just between you and me: At places where they do a lot of quality FPGA development work no one ever brings up a GUI for anything. All of the toolchain invocation is done using Perl and TCL/TKL. Shhhh. Don't tell anyone....
  10. 3 points
    A few reasons are... a - The introduction of logic hazards can cause glitches : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hazard_(logic) b - Routing of clocks is very complex - It is hard to ensure that the same clock edge appears all over the FPGA at almost exactly the same time. Sometimes this is achieved with 'slight of hand' (e.g. using a on-chip PLL to advance phase of the clock, so that by the time it reaches the edge of the chip is in back phase with the original signal). Low-skew paths also exist, but are restricted to small areas of the FPGA, and the clock has to be connected to the correct pin to be placed and routed correctly. c - FPGAs and their tools are designed to behave predictably under the "synchronous digital design" paradigm (something like https://hps.hs-regensburg.de/scm39115/homepage/education/courses/red/2_SynchronousDigitalCircuitDesignRules.pdf). If you work outside the paradigm you will be fighting against the tools and their assumptions. d - There is almost nothing that you are unable to code in an FPGA friendly way, but there are infinitely many ways to write FPGA-hostile code. If you want your FPGA to place nice with you, you have to play nice with it. So you can either add an RC filter to debounce you switch, or you can sample it using a reliable clock.
  11. 3 points

    Just for fun: Frequency Resolution challenge

    Hello everybody! Since I was sharing this image with others, I thought I'd share it here at Digilent as well. The attached image shows the frequency response of several FFT windows, including the well-known rectangle and Hanning windows. The blue window is one I've put together, but haven't shared the FPGA source code used to implement it. I challenge anyone to do better. Oh, and one other comment ... all but the Hanning window can be used in an invertible FFT process. Dan
  12. 3 points

    OpenScope Mechanical STL Files

    Printed out on the Form Labs at my local TechShop.
  13. 3 points

    Cmod A7 35T GPIO demo Error

    Hi @coloradosensors, I just generated bitstream on this project in Vivado 2015.4. You need to right click on the clocking wizard and remove it. Then under project manager click on ip catalog and re-add the clocking wizard with default settings. This will fix your issues with using an older version of Vivado for this project. cheers, Jon
  14. 3 points

    Lots of fun UART testing code

    Hello Digilent Community! I just finished putting the finishing touches on a UART demonstration project that you can find here. The project was originally intended to share a C++ class that could work with Verilator to prove that anyone's UART implementation was working. However, after I got into it, I realized the project had a lot of value that others might appreciate. As an example, consider this post by @martin16. Had he used any of the testing mechanisms listed below, he might have known which side of the RS232 port he was working with was at fault. The core contains a complete implementation of both a transmit and receive UART encoder/decoder. These can be easily taken from my project and placed within your own. (Subject, of course, to the limits of the GPL v3) The core also contains a (fairly) generic FIFO implementation. For those wondering how to implement a FIFO, you may find this valuable as well. For those who would rather interact with a serial port over a bus, such as the wishbone bus, there are two approaches within the project that can be used to hook it up to a wishbone bus. One can be used within a larger wishbone slave module, the second as a standalone module. Both are Wishbone B4 compliant, and both use the pipeline mode--allowing you to read/write multiple values on consecutive clocks from/to the controller. Of course, this only really makes sense when using the FIFO. Those might be valuable enough on their own, but you can probably find without too much additional work other implementations of the above. Therefore this project includes some even more valuable files: It includes a series of test programs/configurations that can be used to determine if the hardware on your board is working properly. If you are like me, you've struggled every time you've tried to get a serial port working on a new board. Should you connect your output to the TX or to the RX line? Do you have the UART set up properly, at the right baud rate? Can you handle more than just single values at once? How fast can you transmit/receive? To help you answer these questions, the project file contains the following test configurations: Hello World: You know, that old fashioned hello world program? I would recommend trying this program on your board after you can blink an LED at your favorite rate, or equivalently after you know that your clock works. This particular project is so simple that it depends upon only the clock input and the UART transmit output. Getting this program running on your board will demonstrate that you understand your clock, and that you can modify your I/O constraint file properly, and that you know how to connect a terminal program to your board in order to observe the results. Line Test: Once you've got a hello world program running, so that you know the output UART pin works, then it is time to test the input UART pin. This is the purpose of the line test testing program. It works by reading a line of data (either until a newline or 80--characters), and then dumping that line to the output. (Don't forget to turn off hardware flow control, and be aware of the differences between a new line and a carriage return!) SpeechFifo: Finally, there's a program that can be used to test the FIFO capabilities found within the wishbone UART peripheral. This program uses the FIFO capability to make certain the transmitter stays fully loaded for over a thousand characters of output bytes. (No, this isn't computer speech generation, but rather a computer dumping a Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address across the UART port.) Each of these configurations has a corresponding Verilator simulation file associated with it, allowing you to simulate the functionality within them as part of Verilator. The project includes, like I mentioned above, a C++ class that can be used to determine if your own UART is transmitting correctly under a Verilator simuation. This class can also be used generate UART signaling in order to test if your RTL can receive it properly. (See the line test C++ harness discussed below for an example of this.) As complements to each of the testing configurations above, the project contains C++ files to drive each of those within a Verilator context. Some unique features include: The Line Test C++ test harness automatically generates a linetest.vcd file that can be used together with GTKwave to study how the core works. Further, it can be run in either an interactive or an automated mode. The Speech Test C++ test harness can be used in an automated mode, or with the -i switch in a more interactive mode. In this latter mode, the speech test program generates a speechtrace.vcd file that can be used with GTK wave to understand how the UART transmitter, FIFO, the wishbone bus decoder, or even the test harness itself. I hope you find these as valuable as I have. Please feel free to post any questions or comments you might have about this project below. Dan
  15. 3 points

    Birth of an OpenScope!

    We got a series of photos of the OpenScope going through the manufacturing line. Unfortunately, Kickstarter didn't allow me to load all of them onto the update.
  16. 3 points

    Nexys 4 DDR

    @gnicholls, Wow, what a good and thorough question. You've hit the nail on the head, and you are asking something a lot of users are asking. So in answer, may I reply, Welcome to the wonderful world of FPGA design! DDR memory is hard. I mean, really hard. I tried for about two solid months to get a DDR3 memory up and running, and eventually moved on because it was taking too much time to do. You can still find the project here, though--and I still hope to return to it--eventually. Xilinx has written a variety of App notes describing how they've gone about creating their reference solution. For 7-series devices, you can find their note here--but it just doesn't tell you much. I've found the most useful information in their note from a couple generations back, found here for a Virtex-5. Bottom line: it's *really* hard--most people only use the reference solution, and then make the reference solution work for their design. I love the examples found at fpga4fun.com. They tend to work through many of the basic I/Os that FPGAs need to work with, and how to build controllers for each of them. Another useful website is Asic-World--it's just not one I've ever gotten into. Xilinx has tried to make your problem easier with their platform studio and now its Vivado replacement--allowing you to connect via point and click various different Xilinx components together to make one of many (fairly) pre-canned designs. Many of the Digilent based "tutorials" or "examples" are of this type. I personally find them wanting, for many reasons: They are "too easy"--offering you no insight for how they are accomplished internally. They are so much of a black box that you cannot examine what they did or how they did it in order to modify it, debug it, or even learn from it. It can be difficult to integrate your own work with their components. They are all focused on how to use someone else's components, but offer little in the way of teaching you how to build your own. In the end, they leave you stuck with Xilinx solutions. Any components you create/develop will only ever work with Xilinx. This leaves you forever wedded to the Xilinx platform, or forced to relearn all you have learned. Verilog (and <gasp> even VHDL) is a better language than that--capable of doing a lot more. And if that's not enough, your design that works with one version of Vivado may well break when the next one comes out because ... they changed something. (This is an ongoing problem, and a thorn in Digilent's side--suggestions are always welcome.) I have personally been trying to work to create somewhat of a solution to your problem, but I'll admit my own designs are perhaps far from the professor's materials that you are looking for. You can find many of my Verilog designs on github here. A recent design I've put together for both beginners and more experienced types alike can be found here. It contains examples of how to create a serial port, both transmitter and receiver, together with some top level designs that use such a port. As the task of figuring out which pin is which on any board is fairly common--even among experienced users, these offer examples you can work with to make sure you have your serial port working. My efforts have gone so far as to even build my own CPU, flash controller(s), SD-card controller, GPS controller, real-time clock, 7-segment controller, FFT, VGA controller, etc. I mean, why when you buy a board would you only learn to work with some of it, right? You can find a fairly complete design here, using a CMod-S6, that places a CPU onto the S6 with a minimal multi-tasking "operating system". I'm also working on a more complicated design for the Arty here--this one uses the Xilinx generated MIG DDR3 SDRAM, such as you have on your Nexys 4 DDR. This design is currently somewhat on hold, as I am trying to update the CPU within it to a more mainstream CPU that will even support the C-library. (Today's success: I managed to get newlib to compile for it! This is after updating the assembler, linker, GCC compiler backend, etc.) If you are a hard-core VHDL type, Xess.com has put together a fascinating library of VHDL routines to demo how to use their boards. To my knowledge though, the tutorial information within their libraries is ... a bit harder to follow than the simple point and click designs Xilinx peddles. One of the things I've noticed about many (most, all?) of the more complicated FPGA designs I've come across is that they all depend upon some form of internal bus by which things can be connected. Once you get past learning about how to build the simple peripherals fpga4fun wishes to teach you, you're next step is really to learn about that bus structure. Why? If for no other reason than memories seem to be best accessed via a bus, so anything using a DDR type of memory tends to send its requests over a bus. This can easily become a bottleneck to your design, but ... it sort of comes with the territory. You can build other memories and distribute them throughout your FPGA, but the amount of block RAM memory you will get within any FPGA tends to be ... never enough. Hence you are often stuck with the external memory chip(s). Xilinx uses the AXI bus protocol. You can find the specification for it here. I haven't found any good tutorials on how to use it, but there's a way you can get Vivado to generate a sample AXI-lite design that you can interface with. (I can google it if you are interested--I just don't have it at my fingertips.) I've personally used the Wishbone Bus protocol, version B4, pipelined mode. Many others use version B3. I find that I can transfer data 3x faster using B4. To get from the Wishbone Bus to a DDR memory, controlled via Xilinx's Memory Interface Generated AXI controller, I built a wishbone-AXI bridge. Others of these also exist. There's an open source package manger out there called fusesoc which was designed to facilitate composing solutions from many different FPGA components together. In particular, the OpenRISC team has put a lot of work into making sure their CPU's, peripherals, and board designs can be built using this package manager. (These tend to connect to each other via the wishbone B3 standard.) If you dig into this, you can probably find many, many examples of working peripherals for various boards--although that community does tend to focus more on the Altera boards than the Xilinx boards, and Verilog more than VHDL. So ... when I build a new design, how do I do it? For every board of Digilent's that I have bought, I start with the reference page, look up the schematic to see how the components are connected, and then google the part numbers on the schematic. Those will contain the instructions you need to access the various chips on your board. They are usually where things pick up next after you leave the canned tutorials and examples. I hope I haven't overwhelmed you, but really ... where you go next is up to you. What would you like to do? Dan P.S.: My favorite description of RTL design for those who know nothing about FPGA's is, "Infuriatingly complex in its simplicity." Everything you do will be simple--like the clock divider. But too many of these very "simple" components can become so complex that it very quickly gets under your skin.
  17. 3 points


    My name is Mike, and I've developed a bit of an obsession with FPGAs. You might be able to find some project ideas or inspiration on my WIki at http://hamsterworks.co.nz/mediawiki/index.php/FPGA_Projects I'm always happy to talk FPGAs, so feel free to drop me an email sometime
  18. 2 points

    Hdmi out from zybo

    Try adding this: &i2c0 { clock-frequency = <100000>; status = "okay"; }; Here: <petalinux_project>/project-spec/meta-user/recipes-bsp/device-tree/files/system-user.dtsi -Ciprian
  19. 2 points

    Cmod S6 - Multilayer?

    Consider that the FPGA on your module has 196 balls. The A7 versions have 236. You can answer your own question by thinking about how one gets all of those surface mount pads to ground, voltage and signal traces.
  20. 2 points
    You are not wrong - but for that device ID the tooling will not let you use all the LUTs present on the silicon die. It is a somewhat artificial restriction, and might have some implications for the power and thermal properties of the package (e.g. a smaller package may not be able to dissipate the heat).
  21. 2 points

    Zynq book - tutorial 5 Zybo Z7

    Hi @n3wbie, Th working project is attached. what you have to take in to account when using this audio codecs with Digilent products is that you need to configure the codec (using I2C) as well as receive the samples using I2S IP core. Basically one is for the control of the codec and the other one is to receive the samples. I have written a small driver for both the I2S core and the I2C SSM2603 which is in the source files of the SDK project (in the sdk folder) which configures the registers for the codec and I2S IP core; the documentation for the codec can be found here. The IP core has not yet been documented which is the main reason we have not added it to the Digilent vivado-ip library, but it needs a 100MHz input for it to be able to synthesize the 12.228 MHz MCLK and the subsequent clocks for the I2S protocol. The demo project reads the buttons and based on the ones you press it will: BTN0 - Record 1s BTN1 - Set Mic input BTN2 - Set Line In input BTN3 - Playback 1s The project is not really optimized so it uses a variable "RecSamples", allocated to the stack memory which holds the recorded samples(48000 samples representing 1s at a 48KHz sampling rate) and it is also used fro play back, so don't press play back before record. The rest should be easily traceable from the comments in the driver and the main source code. If you have any other questions feel fr to ask. Ciprian ZyboZ7Audio.zip
  22. 2 points

    Math on FFT traces

    Hi @lab!fyi The Script/Spectrum is added to the Help of beta version. Please use the Help of the application since this is the most up to date resource. https://forum.digilentinc.com/topic/8908-waveforms-beta-download/ You could use Ctrl+Space, code completion: https://forum.digilentinc.com/topic/15433-more-meta-data-wanted/?do=findComment&amp;comment=37724 Beside this the code is JavaScript: http://www.ecma-international.org/publications/standards/Ecma-262.htm https://www.w3schools.com/jsref/jsref_obj_math.asp For next software version added support to set trace data from script.
  23. 2 points

    programming guide of zynq

    Hello @Ram, Please check this link : https://reference.digilentinc.com/learn/programmable-logic/tutorials/zybo-getting-started-with-zynq-server/start "This guide will provide a step by step walk-through of creating a Zynq based hardware design using the Vivado IP Integrator that will build over the Getting Started with Zynqguide by making use of the on-board Ethernet port and GPIOs for the Zybo FPGA board.". You can start from here, and use the same hardware logic but different type of application for uart, spi etc. Best Regards, Bogdan Vanca
  24. 2 points

    How to read from SD card on ZYBO

    Hi @shahbaz, @Notarobot is correct. I forgot the Zynq processor has the xilffs library for the SD card and that the SDcard is directly connected to the PS. You should not use the Pmod SD IP Core. I have attached some screen shots that should help with getting your project going. I used the Zybo board files. Here is a tutorial on how to install the board files if have not done so already. thank you, Jon
  25. 2 points

    Zedboard Zynq 7000 XADC Header

    Hi @farhanazneen, I used the Analog Discovery 2 which has the 2x15 Flywires: Signal Cable Assembly for the Analog Discovery without issue. Each signal wire is 260mm± 20. thank you, Jon
  26. 2 points
    @hamster I was able to run your AXI Slave interface. It works great! It is now very easy to exchange information between PS and PL, and it even supports execute-in-place (e.g. I can put ARM instructions to register file and run PS CPU directly from it). I have some questions about your AXI Slave design: 1) AXI_a*size has no effect on INCR type of burst transactions, but according to AXI protocol: the increment value depends on the size of the transfer. You set it only for WRAP type, is it correct? Thus, burst size is always 0 for INCR type? 2) Do you know how PS initiates INCR burst type? A kind of memset/memcpy need to be used for that or an incrementing pointer will also work? 3) Where WRAP type is necessary? How to use PS to work in WRAP mode? You may also update your wiki page with following: 0) Create provided VHDL files 1) Create a block-diagram and add PS IP core to it 2) Apply configuration provided by your board's pre-settings; this will set all necessary initialization settings for PS (e.g. clock frequencies, DDR bindings, etc.) 3) Press auto-configure (or how it's called) ==> this will connect PS IP to DDR and to fixed IO 4) Add "External ports" to the diagram (create new AXI_CLK and AXI external ports) and connect them to PS ports 5) Generate VHDL wrapping code for this block diagram 6) Put generated system under axi_test_top by renaming it to axi_test_wrapper (default name is design_#_wrapper in my Vivado version) 7) This will auto-connect block-diagram external ports with axi_test_top 8 ) Add constrains file and rename/uncomment external ports where necessary 9) Generate bitstream 10) File->Export->Hardware and create .hwf file which contains PS configuration 11) Open Xilinx SDK and create a new project: select .hwf file as Hardware BSP for this project 12) Now, Xilinx SDK will auto-generate few .c and .h files which contain necessary PS initialization ==> clocks, IRQs, DDR, etc. 13) Add hello_world.c application to the project @hamster Thank you very much. I've learned a bunch of new things thanks to your help!
  27. 2 points

    vivado 2017.4

    Thank-you melisha ,,it is working Ram
  28. 2 points

    Analog Discovery 2 vs Raspberry Pi 3

    Hi @Phil_D @rprr The problem is that the USB IN packets/bytes are randomly lost/altered. I tried various kernel options, limiting the USB transfer rates but had no luck. The data corruption reduced from one in 1-60 seconds to one in 10-60 minutes, which it is still not good... It seems that the root of the problem is in the low level FTDI library, kernel or USB modules, or between them... The Analog Discovery is working fine with other SOCs but not with the RPi. I also notice issue with the USB keyboard I use with the RPi, time to time key presses are not received. You can find many similar RPi issues on the net: https://www.raspberrypi.org/forums/viewtopic.php?f=28&amp;t=5249&amp;sid=8839659cb92b7475fa196b2fad775d9f&amp;start=250 http://www.ftdicommunity.com/index.php?topic=40.0
  29. 2 points
    Hi, @sbobrowicz, Thank you for your reply. I found the cause of the problem and solved it. The ssm2603 driver was the cause. I found the link below with Google search. https://www.spinics.net/lists/alsa-devel/msg75416.html If you have a problem like me, try applying the patch above. (I am using Petalinux 2017.2 and Zybo-Z7-10. Linux version 4.9.0-xilinx) Thanks, Namio
  30. 2 points
    Thanks) It solved the problem)
  31. 2 points


    @JColvin Thank you. Your response prompted me to double-check my installed Vivado software. It was entirely my fault. On the Vivado 2017.4.1 release notes, it says that only the update 1 to Vivado 2017.4, namely 2017.4.1 Webpack should support Arty-s7-25. The original release of Vivado 2017.4 does not support Arty-s7-25 but it does support the Arty-s7-50. So I download both 2017.4.1. and 2018.1 and Arty-s7-25 shows up on both just fine. Kindly, -Adam
  32. 2 points
    @Riteshkakkar, That's a much longer topic, and well beyond the bounds of this forum. While you may find some folks here who have worked on satellites built for radio communication, the full topic of how to do so is ... typically beyond the ability of any one individual. You should also know that the space environment isn't very friendly to computer chips. Unlike the earth where items can be electrically connected to ground, satellites in space have no solid ground. The space environment is known for accumulating charged particles on satellites until they experience "lightning" from one side of the satellite to the other. It's also known for tiny particles of radioactive energy that can enter into a circuit and toggle bits within an algorithm. Building chips and algorithms to operate successfully in this environment is a study in and of itself. Most chips, FPGAs included, can't handle this environment. It usually takes several years of working with a particular chip design before that design can be "space qualified". In the process, the chip becomes quite out of date. As a result, the electrical technology launched into space tends to lack what is on the earth by several years. Dan
  33. 2 points
    @Tickstart From my experience you will be asked questions to verify claims you put on your resume. Expect, for example, to be asked HDL syntacsis, implementation of I2C protocol, digital filters, etc. Expect also several people who might be your coworkers will talk with you to get the feel and to test your skills. Everything depends on what is the company doing. Most of US companies don't train employees, they might pay for their classes but that's about all. If you are lucky and the company eager to higher you then they can give you time for training. Once more from my experience companies hire people who can bring something the company doesn't have. Think about it and decide if you have something to offer, otherwise spend time on learning. During the Internet boom one of my friends after reading a few software tutorials managed to be hired as a software developer. Needless to say he didn't last long and his experience was painful since he didn't have developer skills.
  34. 2 points
    Apparently the problem was in github. Using git config --global url."https://".insteadOf git:// Seems to fix the issue. I had already modified the problematic .bb files by hand in a previous attempt, but then it didn´t work
  35. 2 points
    @BYTEMAN My only major concern with the your current flow is that it is still relatively difficult to gain access to any control signals you might want to use. The Language Template GUI (which you can find in the Project Manager section of the Flow Navigator) has some boilerplate code for an AXI port map with customized parameters that you can add to your custom module. THis doesn't come with the actual AXI control template, but combining the syntax for the portmap with the IP you've created, you should be able to create the same design with only a single added module. AFAIK, added modules don't play as nicely with Connection Automation as actual AXI IP, but it may warrant some investigation. I am currently away from a PC with Vivado installed, so I am unfortunately unable to be more specific on where in the Language Templates you can find this... I'd suggest you try the above, but another method that can be useful to move data between Microblaze and HDL would be to use an AXI Stream interface (which is MUCH simpler than full AXI, there's some info in Xilinx UG761, starting at page 45) in your HDL module that connects to the transmit stream of an AXI4-Stream FIFO Controller (Xilinx PG080). I've been playing around with this a bit recently, and it seems like it works pretty well. This method is more useful for "bursty" data streams (Xilinx uses this for Ethernet communications), rather than "set and forget" registers (like LEDs or something), either on the processor or module side, but it's worth pointing out. Thanks, -Arthur
  36. 2 points
    @Aniq, I've never seen an FPGA board with a VGA input. You could certainly attempt to decode VGA with a fast ADC but it won't be trivial. VGA appeared on the old FPGA boards as HDMI/DVI still weren't mainstream yet. The cheaper FPGA boards offer VGA output using resistor ladder networks but really, the VGA monitor is disappearing. I'm not sure what you need to do with such a board but the best bet would be to find a generic FPGA board and compatible HDMI in/out adaptor and design you own VGA in/out interface. Most FPGA boards, except Atlys, Genesys2 use dedicated HDMI receiver or transmitter ICs which takes some control out of your hands. These devices are generally very programmable ( depending on how they are connected ) but not as flexible as say, the Atlys, but for a board like the Atlys you are responsible for creating the logic that the dedicated IC does. PAL, NTSC, SECAM etc are also video standards that have seen their day hit sunset.
  37. 2 points

    WaveForms 3.6.8 release

    Dear All, The new software version can be downloaded from the following page: https://reference.digilentinc.com/waveforms3 The changelog is available here: https://reference.digilentinc.com/reference/software/waveforms/waveforms-3/change-logs/3-6-8 See this blog for more details: https://blog.digilentinc.com/software-update-waveforms-3-6-8/ Please let us know if you have any observation. Thank you, Attila
  38. 2 points
    here is another version of the script i am working on, it does both channel it does scale the frequencies logarithmically it does the averaging if trace 1 type allows count to be enabled. it saves to a desktor CSV file for data manipulation in a speadsheet. I made some modifications to the spreadsheet I use in hope it will be more generic and useful to others. I also wrote some short instructions on how to proceed, but I am afraid it won't be clear for beginners. I also made a drawing of dummy load and possible attenuator for interconnection with the Analog Discovery. I thd1watt.bmp there were errors in the files, new files will be posted in an other post.
  39. 2 points

    Spartan 3 Starter Board Help

    @bkzshabbaz, As promised.. check out the S3 Programmer project in the Digilent Project Vault
  40. 2 points

    WaveForms 3.6.8 release

    But in this particular case, just props to @attila since as far as I know, WaveForms 2015 == attila.
  41. 2 points

    SPI - Arduino to Basys 3

    @D@n, Tell you what mate I had swapped the yellow cable on my breadboard for the orange one. Once I swapped them over it worked! At least some past of the communication. I send a byte over the MOSI-line and link each bit up to leds on the Basys 3. Each second I increment the data sent (0 - 255) and a pretty binary pattern shows up! =)
  42. 2 points

    JTAG-HS3 connection with API (DmgrOpen)

    @Assane, You know what's really cool about this then? I get to get the credit for being the "more experienced engineer" @jpeyron mentioned ... when I really know very little about this interface. Dan
  43. 2 points
    @silverwolfman, I don't have my S6 on my desk to tell you how much time it took me to load the flash, but I do know I didn't use iMPACT. You can find my work here. In particular, the flash loader is called zipload, and depends upon the using the Digilent Adept utilities to load an initial configuration (generated from this toplevel file) into the flash. Dan P.S. I'll be redoing my work again soon, to prove that the updated ZipCPU can still fit (and work) on the device. You can see some of my update works in the 8-bit branch of the s6soc project, but ... although it builds, it hasn't been tested yet so ... it's still a work in progress.
  44. 2 points

    Cant Generate a License File

    @JColvin I'm not sure what happened there. But the link is here. cheers, Jon
  45. 2 points


    @zahid, Yeah, ... but ... we still haven't solved your original problem--that of receiving every other letter when you pipe things directly from the GPS to your computer. But, at least now, we know some new things: We know that your computer isn't broken, neither is the serial port or terminal on it, and the cable you are using appears to be good then. We know there are no foreign character set issues, such as things that take 2 characters to print one. We know that it can successfully receive at 9600 Baud. (We're you trying with the extra stop bit, or not? So, the question now is, what happened and what can we do to fix it? Here's my thought: when you used the echo test program to read from your GPS device, we rounded the number of baud clocks downward (as the spec suggests). The result, though, was that the receiver--which calibrates its input to the start bit of each character, was receiving the characters in just a couple clocks fewer than the transmitter was using. The result, then, was that when the receiver was done with the second character -- the transmitter was still transmitting the last one. The receiver strobes the line for the transmitter to start (i_wr inside txuart.v), but the transmitter is still busy ... so it ignores the write request. By the time the next byte is received, the transmitter is now idle and ready to accept the next request. As a result, you got what you saw above: every other character received. The problem was in your FPGA code, and not within your host. Suppose we test this? If you want to go back to your echo test and try again, then try setting the i_setup register to one or two clocks faster. When I personally ran the test to echo what was received from the GPS receiver to the PC/host (I haven't posted the code for this), I switched the line speed from 9600 Baud up to 115,200 Baud or faster, such as 1MBaud. At this high speed, you wouldn't have a problem. To do this, you'd need to set the setup register on the transmitter (txuart) for 115,200 Baud and that on the receiver (rxuart) for 9600 Baud--you'd also set your PC for the 115,200 Baud. Another possibility might be to try the line testing program. This one should manage to do large strings without losing anything, but I expect it would still struggle after a long series of things were received--only to recover by the top of the next second. So, at this point, I think we know what's going on and can move forward successfully. Feel free to tell me how any of these new tests work! Dan
  46. 2 points

    XADC demo

    @Manas, Sam is trying to turn voltage = (12-bit-code)/4096 into microvolts = (1000)*(1000)*(12-bit-code)/4096, and he's trying to avoid division. Rearranging: 1000*1000/4096 = 500*500/1024 (just by dropping common factors of two from both numerator and denominator) Shifting right by ten is equivalent to dividing by 1024, and then he multiplies by 500*500. Looks like it works alright. I might be concerned personally about losing any precision in the divide by 1024 (i.e. shift right by 10), especially since it is being done before the multiply if I understand correctly--leaving you with only 2-bits of precision (did I read that right?). Looking at the above, you might simplify it further into a shift right by 6, followed by a multiply of 15625. To get here, all I did was cancel out any factors of two that were in both the numerator and denominator. Then --- rearrange your order of operations, so the multiply is done first. What makes this choice special is that 15625 can fit within an 18-bit multiplier. Hence you can do: A = 15625*(12-bit-voltage-code) inside a DSP multiplier, and hence inside one clock. The result of this multiply will be a 30-bit number. If you ignore the bottom six bits, the 24-bit number that remains will be the number of microvolts that you are looking for. Converting this to a decimal display might take some more work though. Dan
  47. 2 points
    Hi, there are two cases one for "bare metal" one for "linux" : "bare metal" Add this code to FSL bootloader (this code from Digilent source), Zybo board have I2C eeprom that have unique MAC address: /****************************************************************************** * This function is the hook which will be called before the FSBL does a handoff * to the application. The user can add all the customized code required to be * executed before the handoff to this routine. * * @param None * * @return * - XST_SUCCESS to indicate success * - XST_FAILURE.to indicate failure * ****************************************************************************/ u32 FsblHookBeforeHandoff(void) { u32 Status; Status = XST_SUCCESS; /* * User logic to be added here. * Errors to be stored in the status variable and returned */ fsbl_printf(DEBUG_INFO,"In FsblHookBeforeHandoff function \r\n"); /* Read Out MAC Address */ { int Status; XIicPs Iic; XIicPs_Config *Iic_Config; XEmacPs Emac; XEmacPs_Config *Mac_Config; unsigned char mac_addr[6]; int i = 0; fsbl_printf(DEBUG_GENERAL,"Look Up I2C Configuration\n\r"); Iic_Config = XIicPs_LookupConfig(XPAR_PS7_I2C_0_DEVICE_ID); if(Iic_Config == NULL) { return XST_FAILURE; } fsbl_printf(DEBUG_GENERAL,"I2C Initialization\n\r"); Status = XIicPs_CfgInitialize(&Iic, Iic_Config, Iic_Config->BaseAddress); if(Status != XST_SUCCESS) { return XST_FAILURE; } fsbl_printf(DEBUG_GENERAL,"Set I2C Clock\n\r"); XIicPs_SetSClk(&Iic, 200000); mac_addr[0] = 0xFA; fsbl_printf(DEBUG_GENERAL,"Set Memory Read Address\n\r"); XIicPs_MasterSendPolled(&Iic, mac_addr, 1, 0x50); while(XIicPs_BusIsBusy(&Iic)); fsbl_printf(DEBUG_GENERAL,"Get Mac Address\n\r"); XIicPs_MasterRecvPolled(&Iic, mac_addr, 6, 0x50); while(XIicPs_BusIsBusy(&Iic)); fsbl_printf(DEBUG_GENERAL,"MAC Addr: "); for(i = 0; i < 6; i++) { fsbl_printf(DEBUG_GENERAL,"%02x ", mac_addr[i]); } fsbl_printf(DEBUG_GENERAL,"\n\r"); fsbl_printf(DEBUG_GENERAL,"Look Up Emac Configuration\n\r"); Mac_Config = XEmacPs_LookupConfig(XPAR_PS7_ETHERNET_0_DEVICE_ID); if(Mac_Config == NULL) { return XST_FAILURE; } fsbl_printf(DEBUG_GENERAL,"Emac Initialization\n\r"); Status = XEmacPs_CfgInitialize(&Emac, Mac_Config, Mac_Config->BaseAddress); if(Status != XST_SUCCESS){ return XST_FAILURE; } fsbl_printf(DEBUG_GENERAL,"Set Emac MAC Address\n\r"); Status = XEmacPs_SetMacAddress(&Emac, mac_addr, 1); if(Status != XST_SUCCESS){ return XST_FAILURE; } fsbl_printf(DEBUG_GENERAL,"Verify Emac MAC Address\n\r"); XEmacPs_GetMacAddress(&Emac, mac_addr, 1); if(Status != XST_SUCCESS){ return XST_FAILURE; } } return (Status); } "linux" To get actual MAC address zybo:~# ifconfig eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:11:22:33:44:55 inet addr: Bcast: Mask: UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1 RX packets:333436242 errors:0 dropped:111 overruns:0 frame:0 TX packets:166776007 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000 RX bytes:3075863808 (2.8 GiB) TX bytes:462587297 (441.1 MiB) Interrupt:54 Base address:0xb000 lo Link encap:Local Loopback inet addr: Mask: UP LOOPBACK RUNNING MTU:65536 Metric:1 RX packets:432 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0 TX packets:432 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 collisions:0 txqueuelen:0 RX bytes:31127 (30.3 KiB) TX bytes:31127 (30.3 KiB) To set new MAC address zybo:~# ifconfig eth0 hw ether 00:11:22:33:44:55 I hope I was helpful.
  48. 2 points

    Hello fellow Zybo enthusiasts!

    Yeah, I can understand why you would want to move away from a Spartan 6 LX9. That's an awfully small chip, with barely any capability. Still--it's not an impossible chip to work with. For example, here [and here] is a project that manages to place a ZipCPU and a pre-emptive multi-tasking O/S onto the CMod S6--a board that also uses the Spartan 6 LX9. My advice: Don't let your imagination be limited by any limitations of the board or chip that you have. It's amazing what you can do with some of these things. Yours, Dan
  49. 2 points

    Analog discovery 2

    Hello, Yes, you can open a Wavegen and a Spectrum interface in the same WaveForms application instance and control them independently. Only one application can be connected to a device at the same time. The instruments in the device (oscilloscope, waveform generators, logic analyzer, pattern generator, power supplies, static i/o) can operate independently. The instrument interfaces in the application control one or more device instruments: - Scope: controls the oscilloscope, and the logic analyzer when digital view is enabled - Wavegen: controls one or more waveform generator channels running independently or synchronized; the power supplies of EExplorer and Analog Discovery 2 can be used as slow waveform generators - Supplies: controls the power supplies - Logic: controls the logic analyzer - StaticIO: controls the static i/o; these DIO signals are multiplexed in the device with pattern generator - Patterns: controls the pattern generator - Spectrum: controls the oscilloscope - Network: controls the oscilloscope and the selected waveform generator channel or relies on custom/external signal
  50. 2 points

    XADC demo

    @Manas, Your problem lies between your top level file and your .xdc file. Basically, your top level file is trying to use pins that are not defined in your xadc file. As a result, Xilinx is finding these pins at your top level undefined, and it is causing an error when you try to build. So basically, the way to use XDC files is ... Download the master XDC file for your board from among the board support files. Comment out any pins you will not be using ('#' starts a comment, the comment continues to the end of the line) Rename any pins from your top level design file in the XDC file whose names don't match, so that the pin names do match between XDC and your top level. For the most part, you can name things in your top level to be anything you want--as long as you then match the names in the XDC file. (It is the XDC file that translates the names within your project to pins on the chip) Now, use that modified XDC file in your project. Dan